1. Landscape Checklist -
Purpose of the checklist
2. Landscape context of Lane Cove
3. General aims and objectives
4. Objectives for landscaping of new development
5. When is a landscape plan required?
6. Properties that are affected by DCP Part H - Bushland Protection
8. How much landscaped area is required?
9. Who can prepare landscape plans?
10. Who can construct the landscape works?
11. Other Relevant Information
The purpose of this check list is to provide
information to applicants on the required standards for landscaping of new
development and how to prepare Compulsory Landscape Requirements and Landscape
Plans to accompany development and construction certificate applications
The Lane Cove area has a rich diversity of natural, cultural and
scenic landscapes. Of particular importance to the local community is the
natural heritage that includes remnant indigenous trees and the corridors of
bushland along the valleys and escarpments of the Lane Cove River and tributary
creeks. The conservation of the significant areas of bushland and the general
leafy landscape character of the suburbs of Lane Cove is a major priority for
the local community and is reflected in Council’s plans and policies
General aims and objectives
The general aim of Lane Cove Local Environmental Plan, 2009 , is to ‘
preserve and, where appropriate, improve the existing character, amenity and
environmental quality of the land to which this Plan applies in accordance with
the indicated expectations of the community'. Further to this aim, the broad
objective of Council’s Tree Preservation and Landscape Policy is ‘The
preservation, re-establishment and reinforcement of the part of the
environmental character of the Lane Cove which is related to the large number
and significant areas of indigenous trees and other flora still existing and
deserving of conservation'. Appropriate and sensitive landscaping of new
development is essential if these goals are to be achieved.
and long established Council policy for landscaping of land on medium/high
density residential, commercial and industrial development is that ‘the part of
the landscaping scheme which will be visible to the public and all substantial
plants shall comprise indigenous species’. Properties adjacent to bushland are
required to plant local indigenous plant species within the property adjacent to
the bushland reserve. For single dwelling houses in other areas, residents are
encouraged but not required to plant indigenous plants in their gardens. In
other words, Council requires that plants native to the Lane Cove area are to be
used in many circumstances, particularly in areas visible to the public.
More detailed plant species lists are available on request from
Council’s Open Space Branch.
4. Objectives for landscaping
of new development
Landscape Plans, submitted with the
Development/ Construction Certificate Applications, should achieve the following
objectives. Proposed development and landscaping that does not comply with the
following objectives may be refused or delayed.
- New plantings at all
medium/high density residential, commercial and industrial developments must
comprise indigenous species in all areas visible to the public (‘indigenous’
means those trees, shrubs, and plants occurring naturally in the Lane Cove
area). Properties adjacent to bushland are required to plant local indigenous
plant species within the property adjacent to the bushland reserve.
- The proposed
landscape treatment should assist in ensuring that the development is not
visually intrusive by providing visual softening of buildings, driveways and
- The development
should retain existing trees where reasonably possible and should not require
unnecessary tree removal. Indigenous canopy trees should be provided where space
permits in particular where tree removal is required compensatory planting is
favoured. (Street trees are a community asset and are not readily removed
because of a development application.)
- Mass planted
areas, comprising indigenous trees, shrubs and groundcovers should be included
in the landscaping scheme in preference to unnecessarily large areas of
- The proposed
landscape treatment should be compatible with the existing environmental
character of the area and be planned so as not to affect adjoining properties.
The use of native trees and shrubs to provide privacy screening is
natural features such as rock outcrops, cliffs and natural bushland should be
conserved where reasonably possible.
- Where existing
trees are proposed to be conserved, the method of protecting the trees during
construction should be specified in a report submitted by a suitably qualified
- Hard paved
areas should be minimised thereby providing the maximum landscaped area
possible. The utilisation of permeable paving materials in hard-scapes is
establishment and ongoing maintenance of new plantings should be considered.
Plants with low watering requirements are preferred. The use of plants with high
watering requirements should be minimised. Where these are used, details of the
proposed irrigation system should be specified. Irrigation should be supplied to
plantings over slabs and in planter boxes but not areas that are adjacent to
- In foreshore
areas the landscape scheme should ‘establish and maintain an aesthetic form
as close as possible to the natural character which would best compliment the
pleasing waterway of the Lane Cove River...’
Foreshore areas are
determined under the Sydney Regional Environmental Plan (Sydney Harbour
Catchment) 2005. It should be noted that this includes a large portion of
properties that are not adjacent to foreshores and waterways
5. When is a
landscape plan required?
The followings types of developments require a separate landscape plan to be submitted with the Development /
Construction Certificate Application:
6. Properties that are
affected by DCP Part H - Bushland Protection
All properties adjacent to public
bushland areas must include a Landscape Plan. Development should endeavour to
maximise the retention and long-term protection of the local indigenous
As mentioned in our Developing Next to Bushland Information Sheet, under DCP Part H, properties are
split up into three areas – building area, buffer area and bushland area. The
extent of each area will be established by Council at the time of assessment,
but as a general rule the following applies to delineating the three areas.
Bushland Area – Adjoining the public bushland
area, it will contain characteristics of native bushland vegetation and other
natural topographic features. This area which can be either public or private
may be degraded, but forms a continuous link with the public bushland and
Buffer Area – The
purpose of this area is to reduce the impact of the development between the
building area and bushland. The greater the width of the buffer area, the less
impact the building will have upon the bushland – in particular stormwater, weed
invasion and aesthetics. The setback may vary, but a minimum 10 metres should be
taken as a guide. The width of the area is measured from the edge of the
bushland / natural topographical features and not the back property
Building Area – This is the area where
buildings, including swimming pools, are permitted.
is a major problem for any bushland area where properties in Lane Cove have a
stormwater pipe outlet located at the property boundary. Stormwater released
into the public bushland creates erosion problems and changes in soil moisture
allowing for weeds to become established.
'Depending on the size of
the proposed development Council may ask for applicants to install a Stormwater
Dispersal Trench. Trenches operate in such a way that stormwater is spread over
a sizable area. To ensure that additional increases in stormwater are managed
correctly, the area down slope of the trench must be located as close to the
building area as possible and suitably landscaped to minimise the impact upon
any remnant native vegetation'.
'For properties affected by DCP
Part H, applicants should obtain a copy of the DCP and adhere to the aims and
7. Tree Protection
Tree protection measures are important when undertaking
development. These measures ensure that all trees, within and neighbouring the
site, are dually protected. In years to come, you will appreciate the actions
taken during this short period of construction. Expect Council include a number
of tree protection conditions if/when approval has been granted.
When preparing a Landscape Plan there are two aspects which must
1). Short-term protection of trees during
construction – Throughout this period tree damage due to construction
can be significant enough to result in the death of the tree, which can either
occur suddenly, or over a longer period’.
protection of trees post-construction – Development design needs to
take into consideration the essential elements that a tree requires. By
modifying the growing environment, over time that tree can slowly be
‘choked’ and eventually die. In some cases death to the tree happens
over such a long period, the connection made to poor architectural design is
measures should also consider such facets as location within the property, its
significance within the wider landscape, and the type of short and long term
activities conducted within and around the critical and primary root
much landscaped area is required?
For most types of development in Lane Cove, a percentage of
the total site area is required to be vegetated; including a proportion of ‘landscaped area' and/or 'planting on structures'. The
‘landscaped area’ includes private open space, but does not
include paved areas such as driveways. Swimming pools are
excluded from the landscaped area and are included within the building area when
assessing the percentage of hard surface. Additional requirements are set out in
the relevant Development Control Plans.
Minimum % of site to be
Single Dwellings & Dual Occupancies:
Attached dwellings*, townhouses & villas:
Residential Flat Buildings:
* For attached dwellings, landscaped area is to be calculated per lot, not on the overall development as these dwellings will be subdivided into individual Torrens title allotments.
9. Who can prepare landscape plans?
Landscape Plans must
be prepared by a suitably qualified consultant. Landscape design consultants who
are members of accredited organisations should be engaged to ensure professional
standards are achieved. Accredited organisations include:
10. Who can construct the landscape
Landscape construction should
be carried out by a qualified landscape contractor to ensure that adequate
standards of workmanship are achieved. Landscape contractors who are members
of the Landscape Contractors Association of NSW
should be engaged.
11. Other Relevant Information
Information to assist in appropriate plant selection
for your site:
Landscape Architects /
designers, and others involved in preparing landscape plans should familiarise
themselves with the following documents produced by Lane Cove Council: